When England and France finally ceased hostilities; St. Lucia was an English colony. Much of its law however was French, as they had been the original European settlers of the island. As a British colony all new law was English based, having been grafted onto the prevailing French Civil Code. The island continued as a colony until 1967 when it achieved the status of associated statehood. This was the first step towards independence, with all internal matters now being ceded to the local legislature while England remained responsible for all external matters. This condition prevailed until February 22, 1979 when the country became a fully independent nation.
Today St. Lucia is a member of the Commonwealth, with the Queen of England being the titular head of state and represented by a Governor General ( currently Dame Pearlette Louisy). St. Lucia also belongs to the United Nations and is a member of Caricom, the regional economic block.
The country enjoys a very stable, free and fair two party electoral system modeled after the Westminster parliamentary model, with an elected lower house (parliament) and appointed upper house (the Senate) with the head of the party holding the most seats in the lower house becoming the Prime Minister. The current Prime Minister is the Right Honorable DR. Kenny Anthony. Dr. Anthony’s St. Lucia Labor Party was returned to power in 2011, defeating the incumbent United Workers Party. Elections are held every five years, with the next one due in 2016.
Dr. Anthony also holds the cabinet post of Minister of Finance which placed regulation of the offshore financial sector under his direct supervision.